The q-state Potts model on a diamond chain has mathematical significance in analyzing phase transitions and critical behaviors in diverse fields, including statistical physics, condensed matter physics, and materials science. By focusing on the three-state Potts model on a diamond chain, we reveal rich and analytically solvable behaviors without phase transitions at finite temperatures. Upon investigating thermodynamic properties such as internal energy, entropy, specific heat, and correlation length, we observe sharp changes near zero temperature. Magnetic properties, including magnetization and magnetic susceptibility, display distinct behaviors that provide insights into spin configurations in different phases. However, the Potts model lacks genuine phase transitions at finite temperatures, in line with the Peierls argument for one-dimensional systems. Nonetheless, in the general case of an arbitrary q state, magnetic properties such as correlation length, magnetization, and magnetic susceptibility exhibit intriguing remnants of a zero-temperature phase transition at finite temperatures. Furthermore, residual entropy uncovers unusual frustrated regions at zero-temperature phase transitions. This feature leads to the peculiar thermodynamic properties of phase boundaries, including a sharp entropy change resembling a first-order discontinuity without an entropy jump, and pronounced peaks in second-order derivatives of free energy, suggestive of a second-order phase transition divergence but without singularities. This unusual behavior is also observed in the correlation length at the pseudocritical temperature, which could potentially be misleading as a divergence.
Original languageEnglish
Article number044144
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

    WoS ResearchAreas Categories

  • Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
  • Physics, Mathematical

ID: 47874085